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Year : 2012  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 99-108

A review on diagnostic and preventive aspects of cystic echinococcosis and human cysticercosis

1 Department of Gastrointestinal Sciences, Wellcome Trust Research Laboratory, Christian Medical College (CMC), Vellore, India
2 Department of Microbiology, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER), Puducherry, India

Correspondence Address:
Subhash Chandra Parija
Department of Microbiology, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER), Puducherry- 605 006
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2229-5070.105174

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Cystic echinococcosis and human cysticercosis have recently been included in the list of "neglected tropical diseases" by the World Health Organization (WHO). Both are zoonoses which are prevalent throughout the world and lead to considerable mortality, morbidity, and economic losses as well. This review deals with the disease burden of these two neglected cestode infections. Diagnostic modalities with their specific advantages and disadvantages have also been discussed. Recent developments in immunodiagnostic assays for the two diseases have been dealt with. Various control strategies including the use of veterinary vaccines have been highlighted.

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