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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 99-104

Gut Parasites of medical importance harboured by Musca domestica in Calabar, Nigeria

Department Medical Laboratory Science, Faculty of Allied Medical Sciences, University of Calabar, Calabar, Cross River, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Iquo Bassey Otu-Bassey
Department Medical Laboratory Science, Faculty of Allied Medical Sciences, University of Calabar, Calabar, Cross River
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/tp.tp_51_21

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Introduction: Housefly (Musca domestica), because of its body structure, filthy and feeding habits, is reported to be capable of carrying a variety of microbes, including potential pathogens, over its body appendages. Aims: This study aimed to investigate M. domestica in Calabar for pathogenic gut parasites, determine its role in parasitic diseases transmission, make appropriate recommendations toward its management and effective control of the associated parasitic diseases, and hence promote the society health status. Settings and Design: This was a cross-sectional study. Materials and Methods: A total of 300 M. domestica specimens (150 each from sanitary and insanitary areas, pooled in batches of five flies per pool) were used for the study. The parasites were detected from the spun deposits of fly body surface wash and gut contents using direct microscopy and formol-ether technique. Statistical Analysis Used: Data were analyzed using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS), version 21.0, and Chi-square test at a significant level of P < 0.05. Results: Overall frequency of parasites detection was 46.7%, with helminths and protozoa showing similar frequency, 23.3% each. External body surface of flies recorded a statistically significant higher parasites frequency 76.7% than their gut contents 16.7% (P = 0.000). A statistically significant higher parasite detection rate was observed in the insanitary (63.3%) than in sanitary areas (30.0%) (P = 0.0114). The parasites detected in this study were Entamoeba histolytica/dispar 39.9%, hookworm (21.4%), Ascaris lumbricoides (17.9%), Trichuris trichiura (14.3%), and Giardia intestinalis (7.2%). Conclusion: This study has confirmed M. domestica in Calabar as a mechanical carrier of potential pathogenic gut parasites, especially in the insanitary areas, with E. histolytica/dispar being the most frequently encountered. Effective control of flies' population in the human and animal habitats and increased public awareness on their health hazards are recommended.

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