Tropical Parasitology

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2022  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 41--47

Comparison of gdh polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism and tpi assemblage-specific primers for characterization of Giardia intestinalis in children


Heba Elhadad1, Sarah Abdo2, Aziza I Salem1, Mostafa A Mohamed1, Hend A El-Taweel1, Eman A El-Abd3 
1 Department of Parasitology, Medical Research Institute, Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt
2 Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, Medical Research Institute, Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt
3 Department of Radiation Sciences, Medical Research Institute, Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Heba Elhadad
165 El-Horreya Avenue, El-Hadra, Alexandria, POB: 21561
Egypt

Background: Giardia is a diarrheagenic eukaryotic parasite that consists of at least eight morphologically identical but genetically distinct genotypes. Human giardiasis is caused mainly by A and B assemblages. Aim and objectives: The study aimed to compare the performance of gdh polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) and tpi assemblage-specific primers in genotyping of G. intestinalis. Materials and Methods: Stool samples of 315 children were microscopically screened for G. intestinalis. Positive samples were genotyped using tpi assemblage-specific primers and gdh semi-nested PCR-RFLP techniques. Results: The prevalence of Giardia was 18.1%. The detected genotypes using tpi and gdh approaches were assemblage A (15.8% vs. 12.7%) and assemblage B (36.8% vs. 74.5%) as single infections and mixed assemblages A and B (47.4% vs. 12.7%). The two approaches showed a moderate agreement (kappa index = 0.413, P < 0.001). PCR-RFLP of gdh gene revealed that sub-assemblages BIII and BIV were equally detected (30.9% each). The remaining samples were equally divided between sub-assemblage AII, mixed BIII and BIV, and mixed AII and BIII (12.7% each). A significant association was detected between the retrieved sub-assemblages and the presence of symptoms. Conclusions: Although both approaches confirmed the predominance of assemblage B, the use of assemblage-specific primers is more effective in elucidating the true picture of mixed assemblage infection.


How to cite this article:
Elhadad H, Abdo S, Salem AI, Mohamed MA, El-Taweel HA, El-Abd EA. Comparison of gdh polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism and tpi assemblage-specific primers for characterization of Giardia intestinalis in children.Trop Parasitol 2022;12:41-47


How to cite this URL:
Elhadad H, Abdo S, Salem AI, Mohamed MA, El-Taweel HA, El-Abd EA. Comparison of gdh polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism and tpi assemblage-specific primers for characterization of Giardia intestinalis in children. Trop Parasitol [serial online] 2022 [cited 2022 Oct 6 ];12:41-47
Available from: https://www.tropicalparasitology.org/article.asp?issn=2229-5070;year=2022;volume=12;issue=1;spage=41;epage=47;aulast=Elhadad;type=0