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  Indian J Med Microbiol
 

Figure 3: Levels of oxidative stress biomarkers in patients across different trimesters. The levels of malondialdehyde (a-c), uric acid, (d-f) and superoxide dismutase (g-i) during 1st trimester (open boxes), 2nd trimester (gray boxes), and 3rd trimester (black boxes) during Plasmodium vivax (a, d and g), Plasmodium falciparum (b, e and h), and mixed (c, f and i) infections. Data represented as mean ± standard deviation and analyzed by one-way nonparametric Kruskal–Wallis test for multiple comparisons, and Mann–Whitney U test for comparison between two groups; ns indicates nonsignificant, *, ** and *** indicate significance at P < 0.05, P < 0.01, and P < 0.001, respectively

Figure 3: Levels of oxidative stress biomarkers in patients across different trimesters. The levels of malondialdehyde (a-c), uric acid, (d-f) and superoxide dismutase (g-i) during 1<sup>st</sup> trimester (open boxes), 2<sup>nd</sup> trimester (gray boxes), and 3<sup>rd</sup> trimester (black boxes) during <i>Plasmodium vivax</i> (a, d and g), <i>Plasmodium falciparum</i> (b, e and h), and mixed (c, f and i) infections. Data represented as mean ± standard deviation and analyzed by one-way nonparametric Kruskal–Wallis test for multiple comparisons, and Mann–Whitney U test for comparison between two groups; ns indicates nonsignificant, *, ** and *** indicate significance at <i>P</i> < 0.05, <i>P</i> < 0.01, and <i>P</i> < 0.001, respectively